Tuesday, May 26, 2020
In 1861, a horrific war began. Nobody had any idea that this war would become the deadliest war in American history. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a regular war, it was a civil war opposing the Union in the North and the Confederate States in the South.. The Civil War cost many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives on the battlefield and beyond. In addition it cost an extreme amount of money for the nation which possibly could have been avoided if the war had turned to happen a little differently. To start with, The Civil War lasted from 1861 until 1865 and became the deadliest war in United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢s history. This war was one composed of an enormous amount of battles fought all over the United States. The majority of the battles were fought in the Confederate States in the South. The most famous battles of the Civil War were the battles of Antietam, Vicksburg, Bull Run and Gettysburg. All the battles of the Civil war caused roughly 620,000 soldiers to die and 644,000 soldiers have died in all other conflicts of the nation. Therefore, the Civil War is by far the deadliest war in U.S. history. Secondly, during the war which lasted 4 years, 3 weeks and 6 days many men died but these deaths werenÃ¢â¬â¢t only caused by fighting on the battlefield. During the war, Ã¢â¬Å"2% of the U.S. population died. This is equivalent to 6 million men today. While rifles were the deadliest weapons during the war, disease killed more men. Camps became breeding groun ds for measles, chickenpox, andShow MoreRelatedAmerican War And The American Civil War1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich then caused the Southern states of America to decide to leave the American Union and create their own Southern Confederacy. This tore our nation apart. The American Civil War had begun and the very people that were once neighbors had each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s blood on their hands. Many American lives had been lost. The American lives lost in the Civil War even exceeded the number of American lives lost during World War I and World War II. We were divided. The North wanted to reunite with the southern statesRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1376 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War was arguably the most important war in the history of the country. The War of Independence may have allowed American to become itsÃ¢â¬â¢ own country, but the Civil War resulted in something even more important than that, the end of slavery in the southern states. All of the iss ues that caused the Civil war were based around slavery, such as statesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights that involved how slavery would be handled in each state, and trying to preserve the Union since the south seceded from the northRead MoreThe American Civil War1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The American Civil War, also known as the StateÃ¢â¬â¢s War, was a conflict that arose mostly from the issue of slavery, but deep down was due to economic differences between the North and the South. The South seceded from the North and created their own self-government due to their belief in the lack of stateÃ¢â¬â¢s rights versus the federal government and what they saw as a weakness in the Articles of Confederation. While the Confederacy of the United States depended on slave labor for their economy in regardsRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages A Civil War is a battle between the same citizens in a country. The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine th e independence for the Confederacy or the survival of the Union. By the time Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1861, in the mist of 34 states, the constant disagreement caused seven Southern slave states to their independence from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, generally known as the South, grew to include elevenRead MoreThe American Civil War1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGuns fired, smoke lingering in the air, people dying. The American Civil War had a huge impact on the United States. Two compromises took place before the start of the Civil War. These compromises include the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850. The Missouri Compromise dealt with the crisis in 1819 over Missouri entering the Union as a slave state. The compromise was Ã¢â¬Å"the first major crisis over slavery, and it shattered a tacit agreement between the two regions that had been in placeRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere were many events that led to the cause of one of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s most devastating war, the American Civil War. The American Civil War was an unfortunate war that cost more than the lives of six hundred thousand people. Events such as the Missouri Compromise, Kansas Nebraska Act, Dred Scott Decision, and the Election of Abraham Lincoln resulted in the four yearlong battles between the Northern and Southern states due to social and economic differences on the idea of slavery. In the 19th century,Read MoreThe War Of The American Civil War Essay1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe American Civil War lasted from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865. It was the bloodiest war in American history, killing approximately 620,000 soldiers in total. The War was fought and won by the North, ensuring that all the United States would stay united and slavery would be illegal in The United States. However, history is one of the most complicated things in the world. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also one of the most important things in the world because history is what made the present possible. Historians have debatedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War960 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesslavery even if it meant war caused peace in this nation. Slavery was the vital cause of the American Civil War. The north and the south both had their differences on how to run the country. People in the North believed in unity and that slavery should not exist because Ã¢â¬Å"all men are created equally.Ã¢â¬ On the o ther hand, the South believed in continuing slavery. People tried to talk it out and come to a middle ground after both sides compromising, however that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work and caused war. Ideological differencesRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War856 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSlavery may have been established as the catalyst of the American Civil War, but the beginning of the dispute began in the time of the Revolution with a weak decentralized government under the Articles of Confederation. Later gained momentum as territorial expansion set Americans against each other on debating whether the new states should be slave states or free states, it questioned the power of the Federal government regarding state rights, and brought about instability in the unity of the UnitedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen the American Civil War began in the spring of 1861, those flocking to enlistment stations in states both north and south chiefly defined the ir cause as one of preservation. From Maine to Minnesota, young men joined up to preserve the Union. From Virginia to Texas, their future foes on the battlefield enlisted to preserve a social order, a social order at its core built on the institution of slavery and racial superiority . Secession had not been framed by prominent Southerners like Robert Toombs
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Getting Rid of the Mandatory There are several different ways a judge can hand down a punish for a crime that a person commits. A first-time drug offender would be required to either enter a rehab program or serve a prison term. One of the most disproportionate way is to sentence a first-time offender is by immediately handing down a lengthy but mandatory 10-year prison term for just having a few ounces of any type of drug. Mandatory minimum sentencing is defined as that if an offender is convicted of the crime that they must be imprisoned for a minimum duration, as against to leaving the length of punishment up to the judges, (www.uslegal.com, 1). Susan Grigsby is a writer for the DailyKOS web-blog in her article titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Why Dropping Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentences Will Not Solve All of Our Prison ProblemsÃ¢â¬ , getting rid of the mandatory will not solve over-crowding. Daniel Horowitz is a writer for the Conservative Review media group who interviewed Jeffery Sedgwick in his article titled, Ã¢â¬Å "Busted: The 10 Most Dangerous Myths about Criminal Justice ReformÃ¢â¬ , this source is debunking myths about the cost. Michelle Ye Hee Lee is a writer for The Washington Post News Paper wrote a piece titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, U.S. Locks People Up at a Higher Rate than Any Other CountryÃ¢â¬ , she covers the high incarceration rate in the US even though crime is low. Michael Gonchar is a writer for the New York Times he wrote an article titled Ã¢â¬Å"What Should Be the Purpose of Prison?Ã¢â¬ , He covers what prisonsShow MoreRelatedDrug Testing : A Controversial Issue Right Now1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesintroduced bills and proposed legislation to have drug testing be mandatory. So far, Arizona, Kansas, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee, and Utah are the only states to have active legislation. Although some people may feel that mandatory drug testing of welfare recipients will save money, mandatory drug testing is unconstitutional and costs more money than what was originally being spent on the program in the first place. Mandatory drug testing welfare recipients is unconstitutional. TheRead MoreThe Apocalypse Now : The Lost War On Drugs865 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestheory of supply reduction with emptying out the Mississippi River with a spoon, stating that Ã¢â¬Å"the river is always going to winÃ¢â¬ (Apocalypse Now, 177). This quote shows how he can get rid of an entire problem with just a small solution that is only targeting one of the minor problems.I think instead of the minimum mandatory prison time that judges and juries should look at cases based on the individual person and the individual crime rather than generalizing people and cases into one category. I thinkRead MoreBenefits Of Vaccination1438 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI did not have my child immunized? (Shelov) Well, without getting these immunizations the possibility of ones child getting the whooping cough, polio, or other diseases would increase greatly. Getting vaccinations is the most effective way to protect us from current and future diseases as well as to prevent the spread of infections. Although we do live in the land of the free, for the safety of our population vaccines should mandatory because they save parents time and money, they help protectRead MoreMandatory Vaccinations1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Mandatory vaccinations in public school in my opinion play a major role in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. They are safe and effective, they protect others we care about, and will protect our future generations. Throughout the years there have been thousands and thousands of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives lost due to outbreaks of diseases such as polio and the measles causing many deaths among young children. Vaccinations that have become effective over the years, limiting these diseases if not getting rid of them periodRead MoreMandatory Voting in America 1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Mandatory voting in America should be implied in the political system. Countries such as Australia and Belgium have already enforced this law on its people, and have had great results in the increasing turnout of voters going to polls. In excess of seventy years in Australia, voters have been obliged to appear to survey Election Day. Disappointment to show up causes a fine of up to fifteen dollars. Australian races s ince mandatory voting was implemented the turnout has reached an amount of ninetyRead MoreAbolishing Mandatory Minimum Sentencing On The United States1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbolishing Mandatory Minimum Sentencing in the United States EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The concept of mandatory minimum sentencing has been plaguing the justice system of the United States of America for too many years and therefore must be abolished. If mandatory minimum sentencing were to be done away with, then the criminal justice system could finally start to bring desperately needed change to itself and start to get back to where it needs to be; a system that takes people with a problem andRead MoreEssay about Negative Consequences of Mandatory Sentencing747 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesNegative Consequences of Mandatory Sentencing In recent years several mandatory sentencing laws have been put into motion. The original goals of the mandatory sentencing laws were to stop repeat offenders and to exhibit a get tough attitude on crime. These laws have not been working as intended, instead mandatory sentencing has led to some unfortunate consequences. Some of these consequences are overcrowding in prisons and less prison based rehabilitation. Mandatory sentencing laws do not narrowlyRead MoreNonviolent Drug Offenders During The United States885 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesitÃ¢â¬â¢s no wonder why two-thirds of prisoners reoffend within three years of leaving prison. When you rid a citizen of their basic, fundamentals rights, they lose respect for the law, and when they lose respect for the law, they are more likely to break it. The current prison system is costly and creates a never-ending cycle that could be largely ended by getting rid of or simply lowering minimum mandatory sentences. Regardless of the many negative outcomes that result from minimum nonviolent drug sentencesRead MoreFreakonomics : Ten Ideas For Make Politics Less Rotten1168 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespeople they will behave better. The votes would be combine in a way that the best person for the job will get the most votes from everyone. I would be interested to see this system put into practice. Rob Richie of the FairVote group, suggests getting rid of winner-take-all elections. When you get 51% of the vote, you represent 100% of the people. If a candidate is obviously going to win a majority of the vote not only do they represent all the people but people donÃ¢â¬â¢t engage in the voting processRead MoreSentencing Of The Criminal Justice System Essay1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSentencing Guidelines (Champion 111). These guidelines may seem like a straightforward set of rules, but they are practically the complete opposite. They are extremely controversial as well as all the other sentencing laws like the three-strikes law, and mandatory minimums. All of these sentencing structures were supposed to help the criminal justice system, but there has been a lot of controversy about how it actually affects people and to society as a whole. Since the creation of sentencing the whole point
Friday, May 15, 2020
George Kennan, compared to other writers which have been discussed in this class takes a different approach to the Cold War through the lens of American foreign policy following World War Two in his article, Ã¢â¬Å"After the Cold War: American Foreign Policy in the 1970s.Ã¢â¬ Kennan, unlike Leffler, Schlesinger, and Brzezinski, believes that the battle between the two nations over hegemony is beyond comparison to the dangers which threaten all of humanity. The threats Kennan provides are environmental, the unstable nature of the United Nations, and nuclear weapons. He provides a critical analysis of American foreign policy following WWII, and where the U.S. should go leading into the future. Kennan writes about the Cold War less as a historicalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Leffler would agree that the initiative taken by U.S. expansionism in order to allow for more far reaching use of the bomb startled the international community. The difference between Leffler and Kennan is tha t Kennan justifies the aggressive policies of the U.S. in Eastern Europe and Eurasia, whereas Leffler is much more uncertain about the decision personally. Both men attribute U.S. intervention in Europe and Eurasia to the fear of the spread of communism. However, in regards to the U.S. inciting enough fear in the Soviet Union to have caused the Cold War I cannot say because Kennan does not address the issue. After establishing the mindset which led to the policies used during the Cold War, Kennan moves to a critical analysis of U.S. foreign policy following WWII and where U.S. commitments should remain or retract. He once again brings back one of the major concerns of policy makers following WWII, how does the U.S. fill the power vacuum left behind in Japan and Germany before the Soviets gain a foot hold? To Kennan, this commitment has deteriorated drastically since 1949, even claiming that the power gap has been filled due to Soviet failure. He uses the SovietÃ¢â¬â¢s failure d uring the Berlin Blockade in 1949 as a clear indicator of their incompetence to hold those strategic locations. While Kennan does claim that the Soviet Union was not a threat to American interests in Eastern Europe, he notes thatShow MoreRelatedAmerican Foreign Policy Among The Cold War2649 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesAMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY LEADING TO THE COLD WAR Janine Douglas CHST 604 Professor Kasprzak 16 July, 2015 The twentieth century was one that was characterized by many years of war, as well as unprecedented economic, political, and technological change for the whole world. As technology, transportation, and communication evolved, the world seemed to be getting smaller, and the need for world powers to interact with each other grew unavoidable. According to Alan Dobson and Steve Marsh in theirRead MoreAmerican Strategy For U.s. Foreign Policy829 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMead, a Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy at the Council on Foreign Relations, believes that Ã¢â¬Å"American strategy for U.S. foreign policy is shaped from four distinct schools of thought: Hamilton and his protectionist toward commence, Wilson and his sense of moral principles; Jefferson and his maintenance of our democratic system; and Jackson, the advocate of populist values and military might.Ã¢â¬ Henry Kissinger argued that one of these schools has dominated American strategy and stated, Ã¢â¬Å"It is aboveRead Mo reTaking a Look at the Cold War1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescovering is the Cold War and question number six. The Roosevelt Administration was determined to avoid a retreat like the one that followed WWI. The United States itself had sole possession of the atomic bomb. The United States goal was to expand democracy. America saw that there needed to be global economic reconstruction. The Soviets looked to model the rest of the world after their own values and origins. It indeed had to do with Soviet Expansion. The Russians didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to go to war with the UnitedRead MoreCauses Of The Cold War1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union spanned almost half of a century. It led to worldwide fears and anxiety over the possibility of nuclear war and the desolation of mankind. It led to various proxy wars, costing the lives of millions in foreign nations and thousands of American and Soviet soldiers. With so much fear, death, money, and wi llpower going into the conflict, there must be an easy answer as to what force caused and drove the conflict. However, this topic is notRead MoreThe 70s Are Not Totally Happy `` Days1667 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe 50s are not totally Ã¢â¬Å" happyÃ¢â¬ days. In American history the post war 1950s, was a unforgettable era. T.V. shows were made, showing early childhood experiences in 1950s. For example, some shows such as LEAVE IT TO BEAVER and FATHER KNOWS BEST. These shows leave viewers with historical facts from the past. Not everyone was happy, a group of civilians and nonconformists pointed out the flaws in a suburb they believed had no moral, a government that was growing viciously with power. A lifestyleRead MoreThe Cold War And Postmodern Eras1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto envelop in culture of fear. American elites have established this supremacy by the means of propaganda. From the Cold War to the War on Terror, these elites have maintained power along with the American Government to make sure they have control of their consumers. This has been accomplished with the establishment of an American foreign policy that has helped create a bipolar world. It allows America to focus on its interest and create a myth that the American people have a destiny to fulfillRead MoreKorean War : The Cold War1598 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshad already seen two appallingly destructive and costly World wars, just as the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States broke due to their ideological differences after World War II, in the midst of the Cold War was the Korean War. The Korean War began on June 25, 1950 when the North Korean PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Army poured across the 38th parallel, a border between South and North Korea, to attack South Korea. The size of the war quickly grew as it began to involve countries like China, SovietRead MoreU.s. Foreign Policy Approaches1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe United States (U.S.) uses two approaches to their foreign policy. The first approach is realism. This viewpoint stresses that the principal actors, states, will pursue their own interests in an anarchical world. States will try to establish a balance of power that restrains aggressive states from dominating weaker ones. The second approach is idealism. This view stresses that states should transform the system into a new international order where peace can prevail. This approach emphases theRead MoreEssay about American Foreign Policy and Global Activism928 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAmerican foreign policy has gone through many changes during our 200 years as an independent nation; our position as a global power has obligated us to participate in world affairs, even when public opinion has been unsupportive. After World War 2 we were only rivaled by the Soviet Union as a superpower; our policy at the time was to establish a righteous world order while simultaneously protecting that order against threats that could tear it down (i.e.: communism). Afte r the end of the cold warRead MoreThe Cold War Between The United States Of America And The Soviet Union1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union was not only a battle of political conflict but also a rivalry to spread political ideology and influence worldwide. Various pieces of propaganda and articles written during the time had largely impacted American popular opinion and had powerful effects on the culture among young men and women of the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"The Red IcebergÃ¢â¬ comic book cover, published and presented during the Cold War era, was one use of media that
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Alex Nguyen Mrs. Black, Period 5 26 May 2016 An Island of Savagery Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a book set during World War 2 about a group of young boys having to fend for themselves on an island with no signs of civilization. Within the novel, there are many different themes, most conveying the ingrained evil within all human beings and the malevolent complexions of humanity. As the story advances, Golding manifests the continuous conversion of the boys from being civilized and methodical people to ferocious savages. The book can be expounded in terms of political and social allegory. Golding covers a myriad of details that evince two contrasting political factions. By analyzing the allegory of Jack and the beast it isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Half way in, Jack starts to assimilate how much the killing and torturing of other beings gladdens him.Ã¢â¬ Jack was on top of the sow, stabbing downward with his knifeÃ¢â¬ ¦ The spear moved forward inch by inch and the terrified squealing became a high-pitched scr eam. Then Jack found the throat and the hot blood spouted over his handsÃ¢â¬ (Golding 135). JackÃ¢â¬â¢s transformation into a savage does not stop there, towards the end of the story he is depicted as reverting to a total primitive state. Ã¢â¬Å"The chief was sitting there, naked to the waist, his face blocked out in white and red. The tribe lay in a semicircle before him. The newly beaten and untied Wilfred was sniffing noisily in the backgroundÃ¢â¬ (Golding 160). After Jack constructs his own tribe that he is chief of he begins to be further undomesticated in appearance and overall conduct. These instances that depict Jack as a wild savage reveal that he has entirely reached the magnitude of human evil that Golding said all humans eventually capitulate to. Jack can be characterized as a tyrannical dictator who acts as though he is omnipotent and behaves towards subordinates in an unpleasant manner. In the end, once Jack became leader, this represents that evil has subjugat ed any remaining good, which again proves GoldingÃ¢â¬â¢s point that all individuals will eventually submit to the inner wickedness within us all. The beast, which first
Oil Rally Continues Despite Poor Fundamentals Oil Rally Continues Despite Poor Fundamentals Despite some contradictory signs, oil prices have been gaining steadily based on reports that U.S. oil inventories have dropped and concerns about production disruptions in both China and Nigeria. A report from cnbc.com speculates that economic weaknesses and contradictory signals about the dollar s strength wonÃ¢â¬â¢t significantly impact the trend of rising oil prices. Often linked to inflation and higher interest rates, oil prices have narrow windows for growth where they can exert positive influences on economic conditions but a wider range where economic instabilities occur. This is especially true in the current market where long-term prospectsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The report suggest that there a direct correlation between oil prices and the inflation rate that became extraordinarily clear after the 1973 OPEC oil embargo when the cost of oil rose from a nominal price of $3 before the 1973 oil crisis to around $40 during the 1979 oil crisis. This extraordinary change caused long lines at gas pumps, gas rationing, massive inflation rates and changes in oil policies and auto manufacturing to favor production of smaller cars. The Consumer Price Index is the key yardstick that measures inflation, and it more than doubled in eight years from 41.20 to 86.30 during the time that oil prices were skyrocketing in the 1970s. It had previously taken 24 years for CPI prices to double. Other key economic benchmarks that rising oil prices affect include: Diverting investment resources away from replacing infrastructure and increasing the costs of oil-based materials like asphalt Generating more expenses for all government agencies and jurisdictions, which include paying unemployment benefits and higher utility costs for heating buildings and steeper prices for gas to operate auto and truck fleets Reducing discretionary spending on travel, luxury goods, automobiles and heating and cooling systems Cutting profits for most businesses that use oil-based products Increasing the costs of plastics that are manufactured using oil resins Creating the conditions for a recession or economic depression Causing wage and salary
Analysis of Guo-Ming ChenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ÅThe Impact of New Media on Intercultural Communication in Global Context free essay sample
As technology has rapidly advanced, the ways in which humans communicate with each other have been dramatically altered. These technological advances have given birth to a variety of new forms of media, which include a multiplicity a communicatory devices including everything from mass media and social media, to digitization and data sharing. Within the journal China Media Research, (Volume 8.2, pg. 1-12, 2012) Professor Guo-Ming Chen of the University of Rhode Island authored, Ã¢â¬Å"The Impact of New Media on Intercultural Communication in a Global ContextÃ¢â¬ . Within this piece, Chen illustrates the powerful influence that new media possesses within intercultural relationships, which in turn, have created new communities that challenge traditional norms. Chen presents her argument in a clear and concise manner, beginning with a brief history of communication studies, paralleled with how new media has been a dominant cause of globalization. This introduction establishes an outline from which she thoroughly expand her thesis (which I have previously noted) surrounding the theme of intercultural communication. This particular article aids the reader to further understand, and fully comprehend the difficulties that exist within technologyÃ¢â¬â¢s effect on intercultural communication. ChenÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas relate to many of the course themes of CMNS 110, but specifically in Unit 2Ã¢â¬â¢s subsection titled the Ã¢â¬Å"Cultural Model vs. Transmission ModelÃ¢â¬ of communication, which will further be elaborated within this paper. Throughout the entirety of her article, Chen aims to answer the overarching question: in what ways do sources of new media (ie. social media, data sharing, etc..) affect cross-cultural communication? She first begins to answer this daunting question by drawing on examples of the globalized world stating that Ã¢â¬Å"new media is the main force of accelerating the trend of globalization in human societyÃ¢â¬ (1). At first one might not see the relationship between globalization, intercultural communication and new media, but Chen is able to illustrate how new media has been a driving cause in the trend of globalization. As a result, this weakens borders and boundaries between communities, fostering further communication between various cultures (2). She further explains that this shift in new media has Ã¢â¬Å"brought human interaction and society to a highly interconnected andÃ complex levelÃ¢â¬ (2). This demonstrates that Chen clearly acknowledges that advances in technology and media have allowed people throughout the globe to be connected in ways they have never before. Initially, communicatory relationships were quite simple, but gradually becoming more complex. Different forms of communication have evolved from elements such as gestures and sounds, to complicated oral communication, to written word, to these forms of Ã¢â¬Å"new mediaÃ¢â¬ , demonstrating the complexity of current communication. International boundaries that have been lowered due to new media have made it far easier for humans to connect on a personal and interpersonal level, arguably creating new boundaries within communities and nations that juxtapose traditional norms (3). Immediately following her introduction of communication studies and globalization, Guo-Ming Chen continues by explaining how new cultures are being derived from the enhanced cross-cultural communication that is a product of the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"new mediaÃ¢â¬ . New forms of media have started so-called Ã¢â¬Å"virtual communitiesÃ¢â¬ which operate in both public and private realms in the forms of blogs, social media website, and various other online communities. With these innovative, high-speed and efficient forms of communication, not only individuals are affected, but entire cultures, value sets and social norms(5). Although people tend to see world communication interconnectivity as a positive element, Chen explains that it can also Ã¢â¬Å"create a continuity gap between traditions and innovations within a cultureÃ¢â¬ (4). Immediately one can see that there are various implications that could arise from these newly-born virtual cultures. One major (potential) implication in which Chen draws on is the element of cultural identity. New media and new forms of communication that become dominant within many cultures have been said to challenge the traditional form and meaning of social identity(5). Since social and cultural identity is known to give individuals the feeling of a Ã¢â¬Å"sense of belongingÃ¢â¬ , cultural tensions can easily arise due to a disconnect within a physical community due to these alternate forms of communication (5,6). One could infer that this may be especially so for cultures with stronger collectivistic values, whom cherish a sense of community to a high degree. It is important to note that although some cultural identity is lost, new identities are being born, which will be further explained later. This is only one implication that Chen describes which is associated with the impact of new media on intercultural communication. An additional problem that can arise due to these new Ã¢â¬Å"virtual communitiesÃ¢â¬ being established is the threat of intercultural conflict that can develop as a result new, efficient forms of communication. G. Chen explains that not all cross-cultural communication results in positive relationships proclaiming, Ã¢â¬Å"different forms of media representation tend to reflect the asymmetry of intercultural communication and inevitably lead to the problem of intercultural confrontation or conflict in interpersonal, group and national levelsÃ¢â¬ (7). This is a very critical point to raise, as new technologies creating more efficient forms of communication can actually be used as new tools to deceive, harm and negatively confront others. Before the technological era, humans had no other option but to confront their issues on a personal level, which naturally takes more time and resources to accomplish than with various forms of media and technology. Different opinions and values that are communicated through various forms of media set the stage to spark personal or international conflict as information is communicated with the metaphorical Ã¢â¬Å"push of a buttonÃ¢â¬ . However, Chen continues her article by acknowledging various positives with new media and new communicative vehicles. Chen concludes her argument by outlining the concepts of Ã¢â¬Å"communication competenceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"intercultural adaptationÃ¢â¬ , which can be viewed as positive facets of international communication as a whole. Intercultural adaptation in a communicatory sense refers to people from other cultures easing in to new surroundings by using forms of new media(6). Immigrants are able to establish new relationships and continue existing relationships by using various forms of technologically-based, interactive communication. As previously mentioned, although this weakens oneÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of traditional cultural identity, an entire new hybrid identity is formed, one in which may be viewed as a more inclusive identity. In addition to cultural adaptation, international communication and new media helps encourage oneÃ¢â¬â¢s communication competence. Chen explains that the more vehicles in which we use as communication device, the more competent we be come as animals of communication(7). Once again, this can be seen in a very positive light, as knowledge and competence are key values recognized worldwide, and in particular educational institutions. As students of communication, we are encouraged to apply various concepts that we discover to those we have learned in our studies. In the case of CMNS 110, we can apply ChenÃ¢â¬â¢s concepts to many of the Units that we have covered in the first three weeks of class. In particular, Unit 2 focused on various models of communication. In ChenÃ¢â¬â¢s article, we can immediately see similarities between her ideas and the cultural model itself. Unit 2 explains that the cultural model views Ã¢â¬Å"communication as the construction of a shared space or map of meaning within which people coexistÃ¢â¬ (Cultural Model par. 1). Immediately one can see that this runs parallel to ChenÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas surrounding intercultural communication, as well as the new Ã¢â¬Å"virtual communitiesÃ¢â¬ and cultural identities that are being created due to technological advances. As Unit 2 explains, the cultural model is more about communities that are developed due to communication, which directly supports ChenÃ¢â¬â¢s thesis (Cultural Model par. 3). One may argue that the transmission model is more related to ChenÃ¢â¬â¢s argument (as it deals with new media and technology), but since her focus was on the relationships and constructs (good or bad) that have been created by these forms of communication, I believe the cultural model is most fitting. After all, the cultural model strictly focuses on the concept of community, while the transitional model does not. Throughout Ã¢â¬Å"The Impact of Media on Intercultural Communication on a World BasisÃ¢â¬ , Guo-Ming Chen focuses on what she refers to as Ã¢â¬Å"new mediaÃ¢â¬ and how it has affected the way in which communities communicate between themselves, and throughout the world. She proclaims that due to phenomena such as technological advances and in turn, globalization, the human race is developing alternate definitions of communities that are consistent with these constantly developing forms of technology. Naturally, this concept carries both positive and negative attributes that greatly influence the way people live their lives on an interpersonal, group and governmental level. These constantly growing forms of communication have lead to progressions in intercultural adaptation and have strengthened intercultural relationships. Alternatively, new media and the communicative properties that are imbedded have created intercultural conflict and diminished cultural identity to a certain degree. By applying these concepts to the reading we have completed in class, Chen successfully furthered my understanding of the cultural model of communication, reinforcing the fact that this particular model revolves around the construct that communication is meant to form community and relationships of shared space. By making comparisons such as these, our understanding of the world of communication is further developed, strengthening our overall knowledge and competence.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
A Dolls Houses central theme Essay One of A Dolls Houses central theme is secession from society. It is demonstrated by several of its characters breaking away from the social standards of their time and acting on their own terms. No one character demonstrates this better than Nora. During the time in which the play took place society frowned upon women asserting themselves. Women were supposed to play a role in which they supported their husbands, took care of their children, and made sure everything was perfect around the house. Work, politics, and decisions were left to the males. Noras first secession from society was when she broke the law and decided to borrow money to pay for her husbands treatment. By doing this, she not only broke the law but she stepped away from the role society had placed on her of being totally dependent on her husband. She proved herself not to be helpless like Torvald implied: you poor helpless little creature! By doing this, she not only broke the law but she stepped away from the role society had placed on her of being totally dependent on her husband. She proved herself not to be helpless like Torvald implied: you poor helpless little creature!Noras second secession from society was shown by her decision to leave Torvald and her children. Society demanded that she take a place under her husband. This is shown in the way Torvald spoke down to her saying things like: worries that you couldnt possibly help me with, and Nora, Nora, just like a woman. She is almost considered to be property of his: Maynt I look at my dearest treasure? At all the beauty that belongs to no one but me -thats all my very own? By walking out she takes a position equal to her husband and brakes societys expectations. Nora also brakes societys expectations of staying in a marriage since divorce was frowned upon during that era. Her decision was a secession from all expectations put on a woman and a wife by society.Nora secessions are very deliberate and thought out. She knows what society expects of her and continues to do what she feels is right despite them. Her secessions are used by Ibsen to show faults of society. In the first secession Ibsen illustrates that despite Nora doing the right thing it is deemed wrong and not allowed by society because she is a woman. While the forgery can be considered wrong, Ibsen is critical of the fact that Nora is forced to forge. Ibsen is also critical of societys expectations of a marriage. He illustrates this by showing how Nora is forced to play a role than be herself and the eventual deterioration of the marriage. Throughout the play Nora is looked down upon and treated as a possession by her husband. She is something to please him and used for show. He is looked upon as the provider and the decision maker. Society would have deemed it a perfect marriage. Ibsen is critical of the fact that a marriage lacked love and understanding, as shown by Torvald becoming angry with Nora for taking the loan and saving him, would be consider as perfect.A Dolls Houses central theme of secession from society was made to be critical of societys view on women and marriage. Ibsen used Noras secessions as an example to illustrate that societys expectations of a womans role in society and marriage were incorrect. Her decision to leave was the exclamation point on his critical view of society.